MANGROVE ADOPTION IN THE NIGER DELTA

This project entails the restoration of degraded portions of the Niger Delta mangroves located on the Atlantic coast of Southern Nigeria. The project proposes planting back about mangroves (100,000 stands) to restore some degraded spots, It will be piloted in some communities in Akwa Ibom State, within the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. The project is facilitated by the Tropical Research and Conservation Centre (TRCC).

The mangrove swamp of Niger Delta covers an area of about 1,900km2 and is considered a global biodiversity hotspot. The Niger Delta basin occupies the Gulf of Guinea continental margin in equatorial West Africa, between latitudes 3° and 6° N and longitudes 5° and 8° E. 

The Niger Delta mangrove together with the creeks and rivers are a major source of food and livelihood for about 30 million people, which represents more than 17% of Nigeria's population. Other ecosystem services provided by this unique environment are flood control, groundwater re-fill, a reservoir of biodiversity, fuelwood, cultural values, etc. This ecosystem also plays an important role in climate change mitigation because of its high blue carbon sequestration potential. This is particularly important because of continuous gas flaring in Niger Delta from petroleum operations, which releases carbon dioxide among other gases into the atmosphere. Mangroves constitute important nurseries for fishes, crabs, shrimps, mollusks, crustaceans, sponges, algae and other invertebrates, and also acts as a sink, retaining pollutants from contaminated tidal water. They are also used as shelter and breeding grounds by small mammals, shorebirds, reptiles, and insects. The ecosystem remains a source of valuable resources essential for the livelihood and survival of the indigenous coastal people: seafood; fuelwood,  medicines, soaps, honey, oils, and tannins. Unfortunately, this unique ecosystem is on the decline and on the verge of been totally lost. Mangrove forests are deforested, with the trees cut for timber, fuel, etc. Consequently, many coastal communities in the Niger Delta are losing their lives and primary livelihoods, thereby increasing hunger, poverty,  with women as home keepers /managers affected the most by the negative impacts. Dwellers are now affected by reduced marine food, loss of farmlands, homes due to intensive flood, as a result of the disappearance of mangroves which usually serve as a defense in times of coastal flooding. They are also exposing them to the high intensity of sunlight and heatwaves as the land lay bare of trees to regulate sun rays.  

 

THE SOLUTIONS WE'RE PROPOSING

A. Mangrove adoption through donations

There is an urgent need to restore/ conserve the mangroves of the Niger Delta region.

The project proposes planting the back of mangroves (100,000 stands) to restore degraded spots. It will be piloted in some communities in Akwa Ibom State, within the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. The project is in line with the “National Poverty Reduction Strategy” which supports improving local resource management as a key element of poverty reduction. It is also in line with the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) ratified in Nigeria in 1994; the  African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources; the Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Protection in the Western Hemisphere; Agenda 21; the RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. It is also consistent with the aims and objectives of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP). It is also in line with UNIDO and Niger Delta Biodiversity Bio-diversity Programme recommendations for mangrove conservation within the region.

The project phase is expected to last for a period of 3 years and will ensure a strong collaboration/networking with relevant institutions/organizations within the region: State Ministry of Environment; Department of Forestry; Local Forestry/Environmental units, NGOs/CBOs, etc. 

○ 10 USD → 20 trees   

○ Minimal adoption: 20 mangrove trees 

B. Financing of alternative projects to reduce mangrove stress  

Provision of support for pro-poor mangrove dependents (commercial mangrove harvesters) in livelihood alternatives. To minimize deforestation/dependence on mangrove as the sole means of livelihoods among some locals, the project will provide support for commercial mangrove harvesters in agro enterprises that can enhance livelihoods without jeopardizing the mangroves like bee farming, snail farming, rabbit farming,grass-cutter farming. The project targets about 500 locals/pro-poor mangrove dependents organized into 50 farming groups/co-operatives (10 members per group) with each receiving a revolving loan of $200.

For livelihoods support among the pro-poor mangrove dependents: A  microloan of $ 200 will assist 10 (ten) pro-poor commercial mangrove harvesters to establish agro-livelihood alternatives to replace wood logging.

A microloan of $ 400 will assist 20 (twenty) pro-poor commercial mangrove harvesters to establish agro-livelihood alternatives to replace wood logging. 

A microloan of $ 500 will assist 25 (twenty-five) pro-poor commercial mangrove harvesters to establish aggro livelihood alternatives to replace wood logging.

A loan of $1000 will help 50 (fifty) pro-poor commercial mangrove harvesters establish agro livelihood alternatives to replace wood logging.

The loans will be repaid in 12 months at 8% p.a. 

 

THE LOCAL IMPLEMENTER

Organization name: Tropical Research and Conservation Centre (TRCC)

Address: No. 41 Oron Road, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. 

Telephone: +234 80 675 96 435 Email address:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Project lead contact: Ikponke Nkanta (Mr) 

About the implementor: Tropical Research and Conservation Centre (TRCC) is a Nigerian NGO active in the southeastern rainforest region of the country and in the Niger delta. It works closely with the local communities, building capacity and implementing pilot projects focused on sustainable resource use and habitat restoration. The organization was founded in 2001, as a result of the founder's concern for pro-poor rural dwellers and the sustainable use of natural resources.

http://www.tropicalconservationcentre.org

 

WHY SUPPORT MANGROVES? : THE IMPACT OF GIVING

  • Continuous mangroves benefits within the region are sustained (environmental, ecological, economical benefits)

 

  • The site has a high potential for carbon absorption

 

  

MANGROVES FOCUSED ARE CURRENTLY IN THE REGION 

1. Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

 

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