Heliciculture, commonly known as snail farming, is the process of raising edible land snails, primarily for human consumption or cosmetic use. The meat and snail eggs can be consumed as escargot and as a type of caviar respectively. Mucus, commonly known as snail slime, has medical properties and is used in cosmetics.

Commercial snail farming in the Western world is typically done with the Cornu aspersum (morphotypically divided into cornu aspersum aspersa and cornu aspersum maxima), formerly known as Helix aspersa. In tropical climates snail farming is typically done with the African snail, which biologically does not fall in the family of Helicidae, and the meat of which therefore may not be called escargot.